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National Grid Unveils Offshore Wind Connection Plan: Could Spur 20,000 Jobs and Link 86GW of Power by 2035





In an anticipated move, National Grid is poised to release comprehensive plans this week, outlining its strategy to link the UK's array of offshore wind farms to the national grid.


According to reports from The Sunday Times, the company is slated to unveil its blueprint, which aims to create approximately 20,000 jobs over the next decade while facilitating the integration of up to 86GW of offshore wind capacity into the grid by 2035.


Under the purview of its Electricity System Operator division, National Grid ESO, the proposed scheme includes the establishment of an "electrical spine" spanning Scotland and northern England, with connections stretching from Peterhead in Aberdeenshire to Merseyside.


Additionally, plans entail the development of three new offshore links to interconnect wind farms situated in Scottish waters with the east coast of England.


"Great Britain's electricity system is the backbone of our economy and society and must be fit for the future," said Fintan Slye, executive director at ESO, in comments by The Sunday Times. He added that the company had to take "swift, coordinated and lasting action" if the UK was to meet its emissions targets from the mid-2030s onwards.


Despite its transformative potential, National Grid's proposal will likely encounter opposition on several fronts. Financing for the new links is anticipated to be sourced through an energy bill levy, thereby implicating households and businesses financially. Moreover, proposals for large-scale pylon projects have historically encountered resistance from local communities, with ongoing debates surrounding proposed routes, such as those traversing East Anglia.


In response, National Grid ESO aims to mitigate the need for extensive pylon installations through its innovative approach to connecting offshore wind farms along the coastline. Proponents argue that localized power pricing mechanisms can incentivize the siting of renewable projects closer to energy demand centers, thereby reducing reliance on new transmission infrastructure.


Nevertheless, some transmission enhancements will be indispensable to accommodate escalating power demand and facilitate the transition to a net-zero emission grid. Advocates assert that National Grid's forward-looking plans will ultimately yield cost efficiencies and fortify energy security for the UK in the long run.


In parallel developments, energy regulator Ofgem recently ratified new regulations to prevent speculative developers from prematurely securing grid connection agreements. This practice can impede progress on bona fide projects.


The regulatory overhaul, encapsulated in document CMP427, marks a concerted effort to streamline the grid connection process and expedite the deployment of critical infrastructure. Ofgem's proactive measures underscore its commitment to optimizing the grid connection queue and safeguarding against delays attributable to speculative ventures.


"Today's announcement is designed to stop sharp practice where under-developed schemes get a contract, which under the current rules cannot be terminated, then hold up advanced projects that are ready-to-go and cannot overtake them," Ofgem explained.


It added that the move was the latest step in a package of reforms to shorten the queue of grid connection applications, which are due to be in place by the end of this year.


"We cannot unpick the first-come, first-served system overnight—ESO is currently renegotiating the contracts of all 1000+ projects on the transmission queue so future decisions are legally watertight," Ofgem said. Our whole approach is a pincer movement: removing stalled or failing zombie projects from the existing queue and refusing applications from those that aren't up to the mark."


The evolving landscape of grid modernization initiatives coincides with heightened political discourse surrounding the UK's energy transition. Labor, in particular, has intensified efforts to garner business support for its ambitious Green Prosperity Plan, which envisions accelerated grid decarbonization and a fully renewable power system by 2030—five years ahead of the government's timetable.


Last week, Rachel Reeves, Labour's Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Ed Miliband, Shadow Energy Security and Net Zero Secretary, hosted a Green Prosperity Plan summit of senior renewable energy leaders at Octopus Energy's office in London.


"Labour's Green Prosperity Plan is ambitious for Britain's future," said Reeves. "There is a global race taking place in the jobs and industries of the future, and only by working hand in glove with the private sector will Labour be able to lead it."


However, skeptics within the energy sector have voiced reservations regarding the feasibility of Labour's expedited timeline, citing logistical challenges and recent setbacks, such as the absence of offshore wind bids in clean power auctions and delays in nuclear power project timelines.


Miliband acknowledged Labour's plans were "a big ambition" but argued they were "exactly what our country needs and with the government and industry working side by side we can achieve it."


As debates persist over the viability and affordability of ambitious clean energy agendas, the convergence of regulatory reforms, technological innovations, and political ambitions underscores the dynamic trajectory of the UK's energy transition journey.


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